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Meaning Of Cause And Effect Essay

Cause and Effect Essay Writing: One Thing Leads to Another

The simplest way to define a cause and effect essay is “one thing leads to another.” The cause is the “one thing” that results in the effect, or “another.” Frequently, a single cause can generate many effects.

Writing a cause and effect essay is about choosing a topic and building a relationship between the cause (why things happen) and the effect (what happens as a result). You must show that the issue exists, and your explanation is essential to your analysis.

Evaluate the effectiveness of your essay list by asking yourself these questions:

  • What are the causes?
  • What are the effects?
  • Are there singular or multiple causes/effects?
  • Is there a chain reaction?

Brainstorm to find a possible essay topic by identifying a variety of causes and effects. You must decide if your essay is to discuss a single topic or multiple points. Continue to ask questions until you are convinced that you have all the causes or effects related to your essay topic, and make sure that the relationships are logical and valid.

Organizing cause and effect essays

After brainstorming, consider your topic choice and the best way to organize it. You can present this type of essay in one of the following three ways:

  • Categorical
  • Chronological
  • Order of importance

Categorical presentations arrange the details by dividing the topic into parts, chronological essays arrange the information in the order in which the events happened and order of importance essay arrange the items from least to most important or vice versa.

Key components of cause and effect essays

The key components of a well-written cause and effect essay include the following:

  • Use of language that is not negative or partial
  • Use of accurate evidence that shows the cause-and-effect relationship
  • Use of transitional words that assist in distinguishing similarities and differences
  • Use of primary and ancillary information that shows credibility

Framework of cause and effect essays

The framework of a cause and effect essay includes the following sections:

  • An interesting topic that focuses on analyzing and informing
  • An introduction with a clear, concise and strong thesis statement
  • At least three body paragraphs that include plausible, supporting evidence
  • A conclusion that ties all the paragraphs together

Structure of cause and effect essays

The introduction of the cause and effect essay should do several things:

  • Introduce the topic that illustrates the points of discussion
  • State the thesis of your essay and its purpose
  • Provide supporting details to strengthen your essay by providing descriptions, facts and examples
  • Use transitional words and phrases to lead in to the body paragraphs

The body paragraphs focus on building a relationship between why things happen and what happens as a result. Keep the following in mind when writing your body paragraphs:

  • Provide details to describe the “cause” in one body paragraph
  • Provide specific “effects” in one body paragraph
  • Explain the cause and effect relationship and why analysis is vital
  • Maintain a list of sources that provide credence to your position, and cite sources used
  • Use signal phrases to show causes (another factor, because, explain why, results from, what is the cause of, why)
  • Use signal phrases to show effects (another result, as a result, consequently, one important effect, outcome, the results of)

The conclusion does not summarize the points from the body of the essay; it synthesizes the information from the body paragraphs, drawing conclusions based on the information you present. This is your last opportunity to persuade the reader to your position, so develop a convincing, logical argument.

Include a list of references at the end of a cause and effect essay. Sources should be formatted according the any specific instructions or under any official styles guides you are required to use, such as MLA style or APA style.

Contents

What is a Cause and Effect Essay?

A cause and effect essay is the type of paper that author is using to analyze the causes and effects of a particular action or event. A curriculum usually includes this type of exercise to test your ability to understand the logic of certain events or actions.

If you can see the logic behind cause and effect in the world around you, you will encounter fewer problems when writing. If not, writing this kind of paper will give you the chance to improve your skillset and your brain’s ability to reason.

“Shallow men believe in luck or in circumstance. Strong men believe in cause and effect.”
― Ralph Waldo Emerson

In this article, we’ll find out how to create an outline for your cause and effect essay – the key to successful essay writing.

Types of the Cause and Effect Essay

Before writing this kind of essay, you need to draft the structure. A good structure will result in a good paper, so it’s important to have a plan before you start. But remember, there’s no need to reinvent the wheel: just about every type of structure has already been formulated by someone.

If you are still unsure about the definition of the essay, find that out with our guide: What is an Essay?

Generally speaking, there are three types of cause and effect essays. We usually differentiate them by the number of and relationships between the causes and the effects. Let’s take a quick look at the various kinds:

  1. Many causes, one effect

This kind of essay illustrates how different causes can lead to one effect. The idea here is to try and examine a variety of causes, preferably ones that come from different fields, and prove how they contributed to a particular effect. If you are writing about World War I, for example, mention the political, cultural, and historic factors that led to the great war.

By examining a range of fundamental causes, you will be able to demonstrate your mastery of the topic.

Here is how to structure this type of essay:

  • Introduction
  • Body
    • Cause #1
    • Cause #2
    • Cause #3 (and so on…)
    • The effect of the causes
  • Conclusion
  1. One cause, many effects

This type of cause and effect essay is constructed to show the various effects of a particular event, problem, or decision. Once again, you will have to demonstrate your comprehensive knowledge and analytical mastery of the field. There is no need to persuade the reader or present your argument. When writing this kind of essay, an in-depth knowledge of the problem or event’s roots will be of great benefit. If you know why it happened, it will be much easier to write about the effects.

Here is the structure for this kind of essay:

  • Introduction
  • Body
    • The Cause
    • Effect #1
    • Effect #2
    • Effect #3 (and so on…)
  • Conclusion
  1. Chain of causes and effects

This is the most challenging type. You need to maintain a chain of logic that demonstrates a sequence of actions and consequences, leading to the end of the chain. Although this is usually the most interesting kind of cause and effect essay, it can also be the most difficult to write.

Here is the outline structure:

  • Introduction
  • Body
    • Cause #1
    • Effect #1 = Cause #2
    • Effect #2 = Cause #3
    • Effect #3 = Cause #4 (and so on…)
  • Conclusion

Cause and Effect Essay Outline Example

Let’s take a look at an example. Below, you will find an outline for the topic “The causes of obesity” (Type 1):

  • Introduction: Nowadays, people are overweight because of their increasing consumption of unhealthy food, a lack of physical activity, and their refusal to work with fitness trainers.
  • Body:
    • Causes:
      1. People are eating a lot of unhealthy food that is cheap, easy-to-consume and contains a lot of calories. (Include statistics: how many people regularly consume unhealthy food.)
      2. People don’t move enough. Causes: inactive jobs, laziness, and not enough information about the consequences.
      3. People don’t want to visit a specialist. If they did, they would be informed about the causes of obesity and offered a plan to solve the problem.
    • Effect: Until those problems are solved, people will become more and more obese. (Include a prognosis about obesity rates over the next decade.)
  • Conclusion: Junk food, a lack of physical activity, and a refusal to visit a doctor are the three leading causes of obesity. We hope that the situation will change. (Include some examples of what each person can do about the problem)

As you can see, we used a blended strategy here. When writing about the ever-increasing consumption of unhealthy food, it is logical to talk about the marketing strategies that encourage people to buy fast foods. If you are discussing fitness trainers, it is important to mention that people need to be checked by a doctor more often, etc.

How do I start writing once I have drafted the structure?

If you start by structuring each paragraph and collecting suitable examples, the writing process will be much simpler. The final essay might not come up as a classic five paragraph essay – it all depends on the cause-effect chain and the number of statements of your essay.

In the Introduction, try to give the reader a general idea of what the cause and effect essay will contain. For an experienced reader, a thesis statement will be an indication that you know what you are writing about. It is also important to emphasize how and why this problem is relevant to modern life. If you ever need to write about the Caribbean crisis, for instance, state that the effects of the Cold War are still apparent in contemporary global politics.

In the Body, provide plenty of details about what causes led to the effects. Once again, if you have already assembled all the causes and effects with their relevant examples when writing your plan, you shouldn’t have any problems. But, there are some things to which you must pay particular attention. To begin with, try to make each paragraph the same length: it looks better visually. Then, try to avoid weak or unconvincing causes. This is a common mistake, and the reader will quickly realize that you are just trying to write enough characters to reach the required word count.

Moreover, you need to make sure that your causes are actually linked to their effects. This is particularly important when you write a “chained” cause and effect essay (type 3). You need to be able to demonstrate that each cause was actually relevant to the final result. As I mentioned before, writing the Body without preparing a thorough and logical outline is often an omission.

The Conclusion must be a summary of the thesis statement that you proposed in the Introduction. An effective Conclusion means that you have a well-developed understanding of the subject. Writing the Conclusion can be one of the most challenging parts of this kind of project. You typically write the Conclusion once you have finished the Body, but in practice, you will sometimes find that a well-written conclusion will reveal a few mistakes of logic in the Body!

Cause and Effect Essay Sample

Be sure to check the sample essay, completed by our writers. Use it as an example to write your own cause and effect essay. Link: cause and effect essay sample: advertising ethic issues.

Tips and Common Mistakes from Our Expert Writers

Do’s:Don’ts:
  • Pay attention to the language you use. Informal writing is not the best choice for this type of essay because they are academic works. But be aware that using an obscure vocabulary and complicated constructions can make your essay difficult to read.
  • Express your own opinions on a topic, not ones that belong to a researcher. The best way to do this is to be familiar with all the different research on the theme and use your critical thinking skills to construct your own arguments about the problem.
  • Don’t think you can write an excellent essay if you haven’t investigated the topic thoroughly. Dedicate time to reading the works of researchers who have studied the problem before you. If you do this, your readers will see that your essay is well-researched, and you will look more professional.
  • Don’t let the essay become illogical. This can happen to both beginners and advanced students. Beginners often don’t know enough to make the essay exciting and convincing, while more advanced students sometimes try to write everything that they know (ideas, history, theory, or facts). Make sure that your essay is logical, clear, and concise.

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